The Electoral College is an institution about which there is much controversy at this time. After winning two elections, and losing the presidential races in the Electoral College, in the last 19 years, many Democrats are calling for abolishing the institution. As a Democrat, I will give a reason why the Electoral College is a good thing and an option of how to make the college more fair.
We were introduced to the Electoral College in our high school government class. Just about everyone in the class thought the popular vote should be used to determine the winner of a presidential race. Our teacher gave a reason why the Electoral College would be preferable. In a close election, vote counts can be questioned and it can take quite a long time to do recounts and accept a consensus on the vote. We saw this in Florida in the Gore/Bush race. The Supreme Court had to make the final decision. Multiply that by 49 other states and elections could become mass chaos. The Electoral College provides that a decision can be made without perfect counting.
I remember watching presidential election returns with my father when I was in high school in the 60’s. My father was a political scientist. I was shocked to find that, in most states, if a candidate won the popular vote in the state, all of the Electoral College electors of the state were expected to vote for that candidate. I think this can be changed by prorating the number of electors for each candidate based on the popular vote. The result would better reflect the will of the public. I believe the decision of how to assign electors to candidates is up to each state, but, with the political will and a sense of fairness and justice, we as a country can make the change.